Gender identity: What do legal changes have to do with women’s rights? – BBC News

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Trans active supporters and workers have welcomed moves from the authorities to “streamline and de-medicalise the particular process” of changing legal gender. However, many women are worried about the potential effect on their own legal rights.

Today, anyone who wants to legally alter their gender in the UK has to obtain a Gender Recognition Certificate (GRC). A lot of don’t though, because they feel the extended process is invasive and demeaning.

In order to qualify, trans people do not need to have had surgery yet must have lived for two years within their preferred gender and have a diagnosis associated with gender dysphoria – distress the result of a mismatch between biological sex plus gender identity.

One method to simplify things for trans women and men would be to allow individuals to self-declare the gender in which they decide to live, without the need for medical proof or proof. That’s what the govt has now put out to consultation .

But the idea has been fulfilled with anger and shock in certain forums including parenting website Mumsnet, where the latest in a series of strings attracted more than 1, 000 comments in two days.

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Image caption Previous boxing manager Kellie Maloney states her application was twice turned down before her gender recognition certification was granted

At present, the guidance released to service providers – women’s refuges, for example – by the Equality plus Human Rights Commission states: “Where a transsexual person is aesthetically and for all practical purposes indistinguishable from someone of their preferred sex, they should normally be treated based on their acquired gender unless you will find strong reasons not to do so. inch

Those with a GRC “should be treated in their obtained gender for all purposes”.

That means that anyone who identifies them selves as a woman – whether which is their legal status or not — can already use separate-sex services such as changing rooms, toilets or even single-sex gyms.

The particular proposed changes to the gender reputation act does not change that.

The concern is that the higher ease with which gender could be legitimately changed would give a tiny minority along with nefarious motives greater opportunity.

The Equality Act the year 2010 also permits service providers – which includes hospitals and prisons – to utilize their discretion to refuse the trans person access to single-sex solutions on a case-by-case basis.

This legislation however , could also modify.

A report on transgender equal rights published in January 2016 by Parliament’s Women and Equalities Committee recommended discretion should not utilize where a trans person had been recognized as their acquired gender “for all of legal purposes” under the Gender Identification Act – in other words, obtained the GRC.

And it is that which could get much easier in long term.

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Image caption Under current law, any individual who self-identifies as a woman may use female-only services like toilets plus changing rooms

A lot of the discussion online is about women-only spaces.

Refuges and rape centres, even transforming rooms are places viewed as “safe” by women, some of them fleeing assault, because they typically exclude men.

Many of those commenting on Mumsnet fear that simply by choosing in order to call themselves women, “predatory males” – a minority who might want to abuse the system – could get entry to those places and put women in danger.

Prisons are an additional area of concern, with warnings that will biological males, some potentially harmful, could be placed in facilities with susceptible women.

In the world of sport, the users furthermore fear women could find themselves in danger or unable to compete as they might be taking part alongside biological males.

GRCs do not however , impact the categorisation of people for sporting reasons. Sports authorities have their own guidelines. UK Athletics for example , says trans women can compete in their confirmed gender on providing hormonal proof.

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1 Mumsnet commentator, BahHumbygge, described “biological sex” as “vitally important”, incorporating: “The idea that a predatory man can just decree by private fiat he is now female and may now access any female-only area is simply horrifying. ”

“I fully support the best of people to dress how they such as, call themselves what they like, plus 99% of the time do whatever work they like or live anywhere they like… But 1% of times – women’s prisons, women’s areas where they are naked and susceptible, women’s shelters and rape problems centres – people with penises must not be in these spaces or taking job opportunities in those places, ” M0stlyBowlingHedgehog writes.

Mumsnet TOP DOG Justine Roberts said the website’s users were “deeply divided”.

“It’s a hugely complicated and emotive issue that, unfortunately, seems to pit two vulnerable organizations against each other, ” she additional.

The particular fears expressed echo those elevated by some in the feminist motion, including writer Sarah Ditum, who also argues the move could develop a system “vulnerable to exploitation plus open to abuse”.

“We have female-only spaces to protect ladies and help them participate in public lifetime. It’s taken a long time to establish women-only services, ” Sarah said.

“Discretion must be safeguarded, ” she said, so that services such as prisons can continue to use their own judgement on a case-by-case basis.

‘Long overdue’

Set against these problems are other voices, who tension the value of a law change in order to trans people.

“This gender bill would be an amazing advance for trans rights. You are certainly on the wrong side of history, inch writes BuffyChiro.

Advertising campaign group Stonewall called the current program “demeaning and broken” .

Writer and broadcaster Paris Lees transitioned when she was a teen. She has not applied for a GRC but her passport says she is female. She told the BBC anything to make the transitioning process “just a little bit easier” was “long past due and great news”.

She rejects the fears elevated on Mumsnet and elsewhere since “absurd” .

Reality Check: Exactly what does legally changing gender involve?

  • It will take more than five years for trans men and women in England and Wales in order to legally change their gender underneath the current system
  • To change gender within the eyes of the law, individuals need to apply for a certificate under the 2004 Sex Recognition Act
  • They must be from ages 18 or older and should live for two years in their favored gender
  • They need to have a diagnosis of sex dysphoria from a psychiatrist – an ailment where a person experiences distress due to a mismatch between their biological intercourse and gender identity
  • Once somebody has this diagnosis, they can affect a gender recognition panel — a legal tribunal which will look at the proof submitted before deciding whether in order to issue a certificate
  • People can transform the gender on documentation which includes passports and driving licences with no gender recognition certificate

Read more

Sex vs sex

Experts of a change also warn regarding possible implications for data collecting.

If official details no longer distinguishes between natal sexual intercourse and identified sex, statistics would certainly inevitably be affected.

“This would obscure essential trends in society, ” Dorothy said, “like the gender pay out gap, crime and male assault – especially with regard to who is doing crimes against who”.

Trans people currently have explicit security under the Equality Act if they have already undergone “gender reassignment”, be it healthcare or non-medical. Other so-called guarded characteristics include race, religion, intercourse and disability.

But the term “gender reassignment” continues to be deemed outdated and a bill to alter the protected characteristic to “gender identity”, is awaiting its 2nd reading in the House of Commons.

“Gender identity legislation helps it be appear that sex discrimination would not exist anymore. But it does, inch said Sarah.

Image caption Broadcaster Dame Jenni Murray received criticism in March after recommending men who have had sex-change procedures should not claim to be “real women”

Stephanie Davies-Arai founded the Transgender Craze website – a group for moms and dads to discuss transgender issues.

“Men could in effect identify their own way into the protected category for ladies, ” she said.

What this means for women, Stephanie argues, would be that the female sex would no longer possess a protected category or political rendering.

“‘Women are oppressed on the basis of their biological sex, not really their gender identity, ” the girl added. “There has to be a place for the feminine sex as a distinct group. inch

This argument — the distinction between sex plus gender – is refuted simply by some, including trans activist plus feminist author Julia Serano, who seem to argues there are more than two discrete mutually exclusive sexes .

Instead, she argues intercourse is made up of a number of variable dimorphic characteristics – like chromosomes and reproductive : organs – that sometimes arrange in a person, and sometimes can not.

Both Sarah plus Stephanie have stressed their assistance for trans rights, but that will hasn’t stopped criticism being provided to them.

“There’s the climate that if you challenge this particular – you are a trans-phobic, bigoted hater, ” Stephanie says.

The government’s consultation is a result of be published in the autumn, yet until then the debate for all can certainly rights continues.