Julius Caesar’s invasion site ‘uncovered’

Image copyright University associated with Leicester
Image caption Archaeologists from the University associated with Leicester believe the ditch had been part of a large fort in Kent

Archaeologists believe they may have revealed the first evidence of Julius Caesar’s intrusion of Britain in 54BC.

The discovery of a defensive forget and weapons led them to recognize Pegwell Bay in Thanet, Kent, as the place they believe the Aventure landed.

The forget, in the nearby hamlet of Ebbsfleet, was part of a large fort, the particular University of Leicester team states.

Its location has been consistent with clues provided by Caesar’s personal account of the invasion, the group said.

Image copyright laws University of Leicester
Image caption The group found part of a Roman pilum – a type of javelin

Caesar’s 54BC attack, which ultimately ended in escape, came almost 100 years before Claudius’s conquest in AD43.

The 5m-wide ditch was found out during an excavation ahead of a brand new road being built.

The university said its form was very similar to Roman defences present in France.

It is believed it formed part of a large fortification protecting Caesar’s ships on the close by beach.


Who was Julius Caesar?

Image copyright Getty Pictures
  • Born right into a prestigious patrician family in 100BC, he became one of the key statistics in 1st Century BC Both roman politics.
  • He formed a politics pact, known as the First Triumvirate, along with Pompey and Crassus.
  • After prosperous military campaigns against the Gauls this individual invaded Britain, where he was ultimately forced into retreat.
  • He conquered Pompey in a civil war plus declared himself dictator, but was once assassinated by Brutus, Cassius as well as other senators in 44BC.
  • His followed son Octavian became Augustus, the very first Roman Emperor.

Image caption Julius Caesar’s invasion of Britain came almost 100 years before Claudius’s successful conquest in AD43

Pottery found at the site was consistent with the 54BC arrival date and the team also found iron weapons, including a Roman javelin.

Archaeologist Dr Andrew Fitzpatrick said descriptions from Caesar’s account of the invasion – which describes him leading a force of about 800 ships, 20, 000 soldiers plus 2, 000 cavalry – recommended it was the correct landing site.

“The presence of coves, the existence of a large open bay, as well as the presence of higher ground nearby, are usually consistent with the 54BC landing previously being in Pegwell Bay, ” this individual said.

“It’s a huge force, and you need a big getting place, because simply to land the number of of vessels you need a big front side.

“We think that the place of the site fits very carefully with what Julius Caesar gives within a series of clues – he won’t tell us in detail, but he provides some snippets, and by piecing these snippets together we think it matches very well. ”

Doctor Fitzpatrick said the low-lying, seaside nature of the site was “defending the coast rather than looking inland”, which led them to believe it may be Caesar’s base.

Picture copyright University of Leicester
Image caption The particular defensive ditch is about two metre distances deep

Prof Colin Haselgrove, who brought the investigation, said it was probably treaties set up in the wake associated with Caesar’s invasion made it easier for your Romans to conquer parts of The uk almost 100 years later.

He said: “The conquest associated with south-east England seems to have been fast, probably because the kings in the region had been already allied to Rome.

“This was the beginning of the long lasting Roman occupation of Britain, including Wales and some of Scotland plus lasted for almost 400 years. inch

The results will be explored further as part of Searching For Britain, on BBC 4 at 21: 00 GMT plus afterwards on BBC iPlayer.

Image copyright College of Leicester
Picture caption Archaeologists believe the particular fort may have covered an area as much as 200 hectares in size