Narcissists might be irritating attention seekers : but they are also annoyingly likely to be effective, according to researchers.
Although their personality traits might seem damaging, psychologists say their sense associated with superiority gives them a “mental toughness” not to give up.
An international team of researchers states narcissists tend to come out on top within education, work and romance.
Their “heightened sense associated with self-worth” gives them great self-assurance.
For psychologists, narcissism is one of the “dark triad” of malicious personality traits, along with psychopathy plus Machiavellianism – with narcissists using a tendency to be self-centred, vain, special and to need the admiration more.
Yet Dr Kostas Papageorgiou, from Queen’s University Belfast, says research demonstrates narcissists are often socially successful plus undeterred by rejection and their particular craving for attention can make all of them “charming” and highly motivated.
“If we could abandon typical social morality – and just concentrate on what is successful, ” he says, after that narcissism can look like a very “positive” trait.
“If you happen to be a narcissist you believe strongly that you will be better than anyone else and that you ought to have reward, ” says the psychiatrist.
This might be intolerable for everyone else around them, yet Dr Papageorgiou says this kind of never-ending self-belief is also linked to being “mentally tough” and a readiness to “embrace challenges”.
It could all about me
The particular “power” of narcissism is currently upon public view, he says, in the frequency of narcissistic behaviour in well-known culture, whether on social media, truth television or in politics.
Dr Papageorgiou is component of a research team including academics through Goldsmiths, the University of Greater london, King’s College London, University associated with Texas at Austin and Stansted Metropolitan University, which used functionality in secondary school exams to demonstrate how narcissists could overtake people that had more ability than all of them.
Using a sample of more than three hundred young people identified as narcissists in supplementary school in Italy, the experts found that they tended to score far better in exams than would have already been expected from other tests of their cleverness.
Psychologists said that in addition to traits such as egotism and the have to dominate, these narcissists had higher levels of resilience and determination.
They were not cleverer, yet were more confident and assertive plus were able to overtake students who or else would have more ability.
Dr Papageorgiou says this design of advantage at school bears through to university and work : and also in romance.
He says that narcissists are likely to draw in more partners.
“They’re quite charismatic. If you spend a lot of your time trying to be charming and convince other people, it might well make you more appealing, says Dr Papageorgiou.
He says there could even be a good evolutionary element to what he says is really a rise in narcissism, with narcissists getting more sexual partners and moving on their genes to more individuals.
Dr Papageorgiou states about 60% of narcissism can be inherited, with the rest shaped by environment.
Narcissists could be “absolutely destructive for those around them”, says the psychologist, but that can compare with inevitable about this and they can restrict the impact of these character attributes.
“You can manage them, rather than let them control a person, ” he says.
Doctor Papageorgiou argues that such character traits should not be seen as “either great or bad” but as “products of evolution” and “expressions associated with human nature”.