The pure dominance by the top two interpersonal classes of Oxford and Cambridge University admissions has been revealed within newly released data.
Four-fifths of students accepted at Oxbridge between 2010 and 2015 acquired parents with top professional plus managerial jobs, and the numbers happen to be edging upwards.
The data, obtained by David Lammy MP, also shows a “shocking” regional bias, with more offers designed to Home Counties pupils than the entire of northern England.
Mr Lammy said he has been “appalled to discover” Oxbridge is in fact moving backwards in terms of elitism.
Unveiling the data, covering provides to students in England and Wales in the years 2010 to 2015, he described the universities since the “last bastion of the old school tie” and highlighted stark regional sections.
Nationally about 31% of individuals are in the top two social earnings groups. They are the doctors, the attorneys, the senior managers.
The data reveals these top 2 social classes cleaned up with regards to places, with their share of provides rising from 79% to 81% between 2010 and 2015.
This was despite both educational institutions spending £ 5m each per year on efforts to cast the web wider for students, according to formal figures.
The data upon admissions by region provided by the particular universities themselves showed:
- More than a quarter of Cambridge offers went to eight local specialist areas
- Just under a quarter of Oxford offers went to eight local expert areas
- London and south-east Britain received 48% of offers through both Oxford and Cambridge
- The particular Midlands received 11% of Oxford offers and 12% of Cambridge offers
- The North West, the particular North East, Yorkshire and the Humber between them received 15% of Oxford offers and 17% of Cambridge offers
- Oxford made about one hundred offers to students in the entire of Wales
The University of Cambridge produced nearly 2, 953 offers in order to four home counties, and two, 619 offers to the whole from the north of England.
Whereas Oxford made two, 812 offers to applicants within five home counties and two, 619 to students in the entire of northern England.
Applications were, however , significantly increased from both the counties surrounding Greater london and around the universities themselves.
A spokesman for Cambridge mentioned its admissions were based on educational considerations alone, adding that the finest barrier to disadvantaged students has been poor results.
“We currently spend £ 5m per year on access measures leading to 190, 000 interactions with pupils plus teachers. ”
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An Oxford spokesman said: “We absolutely undertake board Mr Lammy’s comments, and realise there are big geographical disparities in the numbers and proportions associated with students coming to Oxford.
“On the whole, the areas delivering few students to Oxford are likely also to be the areas with higher levels of disadvantage and low degrees of attainment in schools.
“Rectifying this is going to be a lengthy journey that requires huge, joined-up work across society – including through leading universities like Oxford — to address serious inequalities. ”
Mister Lammy said the scale from the regional divide went far further than anything he could have imagined.
He accused Oxbridge associated with failing to live up to its obligations as national universities, saying: “Oxbridge take over £ 800m a year through the taxpayer – paid for by individuals in every city, town and town.
“Whole swathes of the country – especially our own seaside towns and the ‘left behind’ former industrial heartlands across the Northern and the Midlands are basically unseen.
“If Oxbridge can’t improve, then there is no good reason that the taxpayer should continue to provide them with so much money. ”
Mr Lammy added: “Whilst some individual colleges and instructors are taking steps to improve access, actually many Oxbridge colleges are still fiefdoms of entrenched privilege, the last bastions of the old school tie. ”
He called for a centralised admissions system to be introduced on the universities and for Oxbridge to connect more directly with talented learners by writing to all straight The students to invite them to use.
By Branwen Jeffreys, BBC News education editor
We should all of the care who goes to our best universities because they end up running the nation.
Less than 1% of the adult population graduated through Oxford or Cambridge, but the 2 universities have produced most of the prime ministers, the majority of our older judges and civil servants, and several people in the media.
So surely it’s great news that more of their students are usually from state schools?
As this research shows, which is only part of the story. The home areas of southern England are considerably wealthier than the north. You just need to look at how many children are from households earning so little their children qualify for totally free school meals.
In Buckinghamshire it’s just five. 5% of pupils, in Surrey 6. 8%. Travel north in order to Middlesbrough and it reaches 27. 9%, and Rochdale 20. 5%