Less people are getting divorced in England plus Wales, figures released in 06 show. Is this a cause for special event? Reality Check asks whether we have been becoming a nation of couples residing happily ever after.
In 2015, the most recent year we have numbers for , 101, 055 opposing sex couples divorced in England plus Wales, according to figures from the Workplace for National Statistics (ONS).
This was a drop of 9. 1% from the season before and down 34% from the peak in 2003.
But the important figure to check out is the rate. This is the number of every single 1, 000 people married that are getting divorced and will indicate exactly how stable marriage is. The 2015 figures show that for both males and females the rate dropped to 8. five per 1, 000, from nine. 3 the year before. You can see through the graph below that this rate offers continued to fall since the peak in 2004.
This suggests that relationship has indeed become more stable. So might be we a nation full of gladly married couples?
Braiding the knot
Nicely, for the past 45 years, the number of individuals of the opposite sex getting married offers largely been falling.
In 2014, the last year for which we now have data , there were 247, 372 marriages between opposite sex married couples in England and Wales. This was somewhat up on the previous year, 2013, which usually saw the lowest marriage rate upon record. Calculated per 1, 1000 population, the rate was 22. five for men and 20. 4 for girls.
The ONS think this was probably because of individuals avoiding the “unlucky” number thirteen. But there has been a general trend far from tying the knot that started from a peak in 1972, whenever there were 426, 000 marriages.
Living in sin
So while marriage is visible as more stable, fewer of us are usually tying the knot. This drop can be explained by a growing number of individuals who are single and a rise in the amount of people living together without having a wedding.
Cohabitation may not be seen as shamefully living in sin, yet figures are harder to gather because, unlike marriage, there is no established record. Instead, we need to look at huge household surveys. Although data is not really directly comparable with annual relationship and divorce rates, this can give a useful picture.
Figures released from the ONS on Thursday show that 9. 8% from the population of England and Wales were cohabiting in 2016. This really is up from 6. 8% within 2002.
This particular rise in cohabitation can also be seen in the particular ONS Families and Households UK study . This is a UK-wide report in line with the Work Force Survey which usually interviews 40, 000 households each quarter. Here, the ONS associated with family includes same and opposing sex couples with and without reliant children.
From their 2016 sample, the ONS calculated there were 3. 3 million cohabiting families across the UK, more than dual the 1996 figure of 1. five million families. This makes cohabiting the fastest growing family kind over the past two decades.
Naturally , it will take time before this within cohabitation becomes evident in the inhabitants as a whole. In fact , married couples remain the most typical form of family type at just below 12. 7 million. Again, including couples with and without dependent kids.
In order to marry or not to marry?
So the question becomes; are usually people living together happily actually after, even though they aren’t wedded?
All of us do not know how many people “divorce” from the cohabiting relationship each year but a good way to build a picture of whether cohabiting couples remain happily together, would be to compare them with married couples.
In other words, are people who reside together more or less likely to end the connection than those who marry?
Which is more stable : marriage or cohabiting?
Finding an answer to this question entails using longitudinal household surveys that will gather data over time.
One useful place is The Centuries Cohort Study , which comes after the lives of nearly nineteen, 000 children born in the UK within 2000-2001.
A good IFS study of this data found that 9% of married couples, married when their child was born, had been no longer together when the child converted five, compared with 27% of cohabiting couples.
This shows that cohabiting couples with children are more prone to “divorce” than married couples.
Harry Benson, of the Marriage Basis, who advocates for marriage, plus Prof Stephen McKay, from the College of Lincoln, looked at another big dataset from Understanding Society, which surveys 40, 000 UNITED KINGDOM households.
They found which the break-up rate for parents of children who were 14 or even 15 in 2009-10 was 24% if the parents were married prior to the child was born. This rose in order to 69% in cases where the parents were not wedded before the child’s birth and continued to be unmarried.
However , both Millennium Cohort Study and Knowing Society only have data for cohabiting couples with children. For cohabiting couples without children, we just do not have good data.
So are we a country living happily ever after?
Without complete data upon cohabitation, it is impossible to know the number of unmarried couples continue to live collectively.
However , the particular declining divorce rate suggests that relationship itself is becoming more stable.